According to the 25th Annual State of Logistics Report®, Sponsored by Penske Logistics
Some Key Findings:
- Total U.S. business logistics costs in 2013 rose 2.3 percent to $1.39 trillion, the equivalent of 8.2 percent of current GDP
- Overall transportation costs are up 2.0 percent year-on-year
- The trucking sector led the way, with trucking sector costs coming in at $657 billion.
- Railroad costs came in at $74 billion; water at $37 billion; oil pipeline at $13 billion; air at $33 billion; and forwarder costs at $38 billion.
- The dedicated contract carriage segment continued to see growth due, in part, to capacity concerns, rising 3.6 percent in 2013.
- The cost of warehousing rose 5.6 percent.
- Increased expenses and the prohibitive cost of adding new drivers reduced truckload capacity by 2.5 percent in 2013 - as costs continue to rise, particularly to attract and retain existing drivers, the industry is experiencing a rising number of trucking failures, further straining capacity.
- The first five months of 2014 have had the strongest freight performance since the end of the Great Recession, with freight shipments up 13.1 percent.
LOMBARD, Ill. (June 17, 2014) — The Council of Supply Chain Management Professionals (CSCMP) released its 25th Annual “State of Logistics Report®, presented by Penske Logistics, at a press conference today at the National Press Club in Washington, D.C. The report reveals that total U.S. business logistics costs in 2013 rose to $1.39 trillion, a 2.3 percent increase from the previous year. Logistics as a percent of U.S. gross domestic product (GDP) declined for the second year in a row, indicating that the logistics sector is not keeping pace with the growth in the overall economy. (hashtag #SofL14)
The report, authored by transportation consultant Rosalyn Wilson of Parsons, has tracked and measured all costs associated with moving freight through the U.S. supply chain since 1988. This year’s report presents an overview of the economy during the past year, the logistics industry’s key trends, and the total U.S. logistics costs for 2013. The recovery from the Great Recession has been protracted, and economic performance has been weak. The research examines the economic vitality as well as challenges faced by each sector, and concludes with a brief overview of industry indicators for the beginning of 2014 and thoughts about performance for the remainder of the year. The supply chain management benchmark report is now available for distribution.
This year’s report reveals that the transportation sector grew only 2.0 percent, with all modes experiencing modest gains in revenue. Despite the weak revenue picture, tonnage was up due to heavier average loads per shipment. The truck driver shortage is a top concern for most industry executives as the trucking sector faced significant capacity issues in 2013. The lack of drivers to fill seats in existing equipment, decline in productivity of existing drivers due to Hours of Service (HOS) Regulations, and coupled with an uptick in trucking company bankruptcies in 2013 contributed to constricting truck capacity as volume picked up. Railroad sector costs grew 3.6 percent as intermodal gained market share in response to the truck capacity shortage. Rates have not responded to the tight industry capacity, and have not grown as fast as volume.
The air cargo sector made no gains in 2013 as both domestic and international sectors remained unchanged from the prior year. Compared to 2012, the water sector’s performance improved, rising 4.5 percent. Ocean carriers continue to expand available space as larger containers ships are delivered, and new alliances and operational controls are improving their balance sheets. The inland waterway system was plagued with weather-related issues ranging from waterways thawing later than usual to floods and droughts. The big news for this sector and the nation’s infrastructure is the enactment of the Water Resources Reform and Development Act (WRRDA). This legislation is an example of bi-partisan support for a much-needed program to restore the nation’s waterways so that they can play a vital role in the intermodal freight system.
Inventory-carrying costs were held down because of falling interest rates, which dropped 22.6 percent from 2012. The other components of carrying costs—warehousing, taxes, depreciation, insurance, and obsolescence—were up due to the three percent gain in inventories.
“Our mission is to develop and disseminate research that helps our members understand how to do their jobs better,” said Rick Blasgen, President and Chief Executive Officer of CSCMP. “Knowing how logistics and supply chain costs affect and are affected by the larger economy is a key part of this understanding. This is why we believe it’s important to sponsor the annual ‘State of Logistics Report,’ which we present with support from Penske Logistics.”
“The statistics and industry insights contained in this report will help companies better prepare for the business demands that lie ahead,” Blasgen added. “An improving freight environment continues to drive increased demand for our trucking, warehousing and related supply chain solutions,” said Penske Logistics President Marc Althen. “As the economy rebounds, an efficient supply chain can be a major competitive advantage to companies nationwide, as it allows them to deliver high levels of service while simultaneously controlling and often reducing costs.”
The “State of Logistics Report®” is available to CSCMP members free of charge as part of their member benefits at https://cscmp.org/member-benefits/state-of-logistics. The price of the report is $295 U.S.
Penske Logistics is a wholly owned subsidiary of Penske Truck Leasing. With operations in North America, South America, Europe and Asia, Penske Logistics provides supply chain management and logistics services to major industrial and consumer companies throughout the world. Penske Logistics delivers value through design, planning and execution in transportation, warehousing, and international freight forwarding and carrier management. To learn more visit www.PenskeLogistics.com and our “Move Ahead” blog. Penske Logistics on social media: Move Ahead Blog, Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn, Google+, YouTube, and Pinterest.
Since 1963, the Council of Supply Chain Management Professionals (CSCMP) has been the leading worldwide professional association dedicated to education, research, and the advancement of the supply chain management profession. With more than 9,000 members globally, representing business, government, and academia from 62 countries, CSCMP members are the leading practitioners and authorities in the fields of logistics and supply chain management. To learn more visit http://cscmp.org.